Tuesday, March 29, 2016

शहादत दिवस पर इंदौर के प्रगतिशील संगठनों का आयोजन

23 मार्च 2016, इंदौर।सीपीआई, सीपीएम्, एसयूसीआई, वामपंथी ट्रेडयूनियन, सन्दर्भ, रूपांकन, एनएफआईडब्ल्यू, इप्टा, प्रलेसं, मेहनतकश, आप पार्टी के सदस्यों ने संयुक्त रूप से भगत सिंह, राजगुरु और सुखदेव के शहादत दिवस पर शहीदों को याद किया।

इस अवसर पर आज़ादी के नारों के साथ भगत सिंह और उनके साथियों की शहादत को सलाम करते हुए काॅमरेड विनीत, कॉमरेड कैलाश लिम्बोदिया, कॉमरेड प्रमोद नामदेव, कॉमरेड रुद्रपाल यादव ने अपने विचार रखे।इप्टा, इंदौर ने जनगीत पेश किये और अंत में जलती हुई मोमबत्ती लेकर नारों के साथ रैली निकाली।

इप्टा का 14 वाँ राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन इंदौर में, हीरक जयंती समारोह पटना में

प्टा का 14 वाँ राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन 2 से 4 अक्टूबर 2016 को मध्यप्रदेश के इंदौर नगर में आयोजित किया जायेगा। मुख्य आयोजन नगर के आनंद मोहन माथुर सभागार में संपन्न होगा, जिसमें देश भर से आने वांले प्रतिनिधि हिस्सा लेंगे। इस आशय का निर्णय विगत दिनों लखनऊ में आयोजित इप्टा की राष्ट्रीय समिति के सचिव-मंडल की बैठक में लिया गया।

राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन का उद्घाटन सुविख्यात रंगकर्मी-अभिनेता गिरिश कर्नाड अथवा फिल्मकार आनंद पटवर्द्धन करेंगे। अंतिम निर्णय सम्मेलन की तारीखों में उनकी उपलब्धता के आधार पर लिया जा सकेगा। मुख्य अतिथि के रूप में सम्मेलन को संबोधित करने के लिये सुविख्यात इतिहासकार इरफान हबीब को आमंत्रित किया जा रहा है।

इप्टा का यह 14 वाँ सम्मेलन ‘प्रतिरोध और वैकल्पिक संस्कृति’ के मुख्य विषय पर केंद्रित होगा। सम्मेलन का प्रमुख ध्येय वर्तमान आर्थिक-सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक-राजनीतिक परिदृश्य में देश के सांस्कृतिक मंच में इप्टा की उपस्थिति को प्रभावशाली ढंग से मजबूती के साथ खड़ा करना है।

आनंद मोहन माथुर सभागार, इंदौर 
उपर्युक्त ध्येय के साथ संगठन की रणनीति तैयार करने के लिये विस्तृत चर्चा के पहलु को ध्यान में रखते हुए सम्मेलन में प्रतिनिधियों की संख्या और सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रमों को एक सीमा तक प्रतिबंधित करने का विचार है। इसकी भरपाई वर्ष 2017 में इप्टा की हीरक जयंती को रेखांकित करने के लिये पटना में आयोजित किये जाने वांले विशेष सांस्कृतिक सम्मेलन में की जा सकेगी। इप्टा चूंकि अपनी स्थापना के 75 वें वर्ष की ओर अग्रसर है इसलिय 75 वी जंयती को यादगार बनाने के लिये विशेष आयोजन की तैयारियाँ अभी से प्रारंभ किये जाने का प्रस्ताव है।

इप्टा की राष्ट्रीय समिति के सचिव मंडल ने उक्त दोनों आयोजनों को सफल बनाने के लिये अपनी प्रादेशिक इकाइयों को आवश्यक दिशा-निर्देश जारी करते हुए विविध तैयारियों में जुटने के साथ अपने प्रांतीय सम्मेलनों को भी पूर्ण कर लिये जाने का आह्वान किया है।

Saturday, March 26, 2016

Misleading the Nation by irresponsible statements is ANTI_NATIONAL


There is a deliberate plan of rewriting history, edit the history of past according to their views, and making genealogies, one does not understand of whom and why. All this is done under a definite plan to saffronise history. They have been waiting to do so for ages. They have now got the chance and are in a hurry to do so. Some how I do not like the word “saffronisation”. Saffron robes were donned by the warriors and brave people when they decided to give the last battle known as Sakas, and give up their lives. The colour which is presently used by them is “Bhagwa” which is associated with those who hide the truth and their sins. Anyway coming back to rewriting history, I would like to mention that History is never rewritten. Historians with great repute with great effort and labour assimilates the facts, then they analyze them by taking the social, economical and political situations of that particular period, and puts them in a chronological order in a language which can be read and understood by all. Professor Sir George Clark, in his introduction to Cambridge Modern History, writes; “They {historians} consider that knowledge of the past has come down through one or more human minds, has been ’processed’ by them, and therefore can not consist of elemental and, impersonal atoms which nothing can alter…The exploration seems to be endless, and some impatient scholars, take refuge in scepticism, or at least in the doctrine that, since all historians judgment involve persons and points of view, one is as good as another and there is no ‘objective’ historical truth. {The new Cambridge Modern History {1957} int; pp. xxiv-xxv}

From the local newspapers I have come to know that the Rajasthan Government has decided to institute an academy which will make genealogies of different people of India and of the world. As far as I know this is the first time that such an academy is being instituted NOT ONLY IN India but probably in the World. While the three Akademies of Literature, Music-dance-theatre, and of Painting are till date not been constituted. This clearly shows the interest and welfare of art and culture the government has. One wonders as to what is the purpose of Akademi of Genealogies. As far as I understand this is the effort to prove that all humans in the World  are Hindus. This is to give legitimacy to the slogan of Hindutatva. In a seminar at the University of Rajasthan I had the opportunity of hearing a hardcore representative of Hindutava. He very proudly acclaimed that he with his team  traveled all over the World and found to their delight that all the inhabitants of the different countries at one time were Hindus. He did not explain as how they came to this conclusion. Now they have decided that with the help of the genealogies of the different non Hindu communities of India and people of foreign countries, they will come to the conclusion that the World belongs to the Hindus. To confirm it they will even take the help of DNA.I suspected then and now the plan has been unfolded that this is the effort to prove that all the people of the World are Hindus. This is a very old agenda when in the meetings, the map of the World was displayed in which each country was shown as belonging to the Hindus. Argentina was shown as belonging to Arjun. I warned them that to prove by DNA might cost them very dear, as it is very possible that the DNA of Changez Khan might match with theirs.
I wonder as how will they proceed. It is a fact that several Rajputs converted themselves to Islam. They are known as Kayamkhani, Memons etc. There is no need to have their genealogies to prove that they were hindus as they claim to be descendants of one sect or the other. In ancient times in marriages both Hindu and Islam traditions were followed. The most important question is that if they do gharwapsi, then would the other rajputs marry their daughters or give their daughters to their sons. If not, then the  process of bringing them back to their fold not only fails but will create a very serious social problems. They will be left alone in wilderness.

Many Rajputs converted themselves as Jains. Would they like to perform gharwapsi? Personally I feel that they would not. They are happy where they are. So the only persons left are the Indian Christians and of course Muslims. It is very wrong to think that all muslims in India are converts. There are many families which are pure muslims who came to India several years back but they have maintained their ancient identity, and would not like to change because of social and political reasons. The main idea and purpose to make Akademi of making genealogies is to convert the muslims in a large manner for political advantage. This will at one time or the other will create many social problems. The families which will be reconverted in the name of gharwapsi, will end as victim of catch 22 situation, as they will not be accepted by other communities and will be forced to live a miserable life.

One danger that a historian faces are the here say stories which in the local language are known as “Dant-katha” These are the stories which either the writers, poets of the court in order to eulogies their kings make false stories, or made up by the people themselves and orally transmitted over many years. These do become a part of the oral history, and create a lot of confusion. Most unfortunately many who have scant knowledge of history use them in making films or T.V. serials, and politicians fan the emotions of the people to fulfill their sinister purpose. .This is what is being done by a section of politicians. Let us take the story of Prithiviraj Chauhan being arrested, taken to Afghanistan, blinded and then with help of the poet shoots an arrow and kills the king. This is a grossly fabricated story  by Chand Bardia in his work “Prithiviraj-Raso” First of all Chand Bardia was not a contemporary of Prithiviraj and Prithiviraj-Raso was written many years later which has been accepted by many eminent historians. Secondly Nayanchand Suri in his “Hammir Mahakavya” has written that Prithiviraj was sleeping having enjoyed the previous night and when Muhammad Ghauri attacked in the early hours of the night the battle was almost over when Prithiviraj came on the battle field. He fled from the battle field when defeat was evident. He was arrested and imprisoned at Sirsi, and later beheaded.{Hammir Mahakavya; Nainchand Suri. P.14,15 } Ghauri handed over the rule of Ajmer to Govindraj son of Prithiviraj, who was the founder of the dynasty of the rulers of Ranthambhor. The story of Prithiviraj Raso is strictly accepted by all that today it has become difficult to accept the true fact. It is said that one person went to Afghanistan, unearthed the grave of Prithiviraj and brought out the carcass of him. Who and why any one will make a grave of  a disbeliever of Islam. It is a sacrilegious act. But the story is so deep rooted that many and more so the fanatics will not accept the truth.

Many persons overlook the fact that the royal families of Chittaur and Amber were very closely related.  The story of the meeting of Maharana Pratap and Raja Man Singh as presented, that Maharana Pratap rebuked Man Singh that as the Bharmal had given his daughter to a muslim refused to eat with him in the same thali. Raja Man Singh took this as a great insult and that was one of reasons for the battle of Haldighati. This according to the rajput customs could not have taken place, as  Prithiraj, the ruler of Amber was married to the daughter of Rana Raimal of Chittaur. She was the sister of Rana Sanga and it was because of this, that Prithviraj fought in the battle Khanua where he and Sanga were seriously wounded. According to this relation Pratap was uncle of Man Singh, and Harka bai who was married to Akbar was sister Udai Singh and aunt of Pratap. Not having food in the same thali is an atrociously false story, made up by the state chroniclers. When Rana Pratap fled from the battle and some wanted to capture him, Man Singh did not allow them to do so. He performed his duty to fight and yet saved the Maharana and the house of Sisodias from an inglorious end, for which he had to suffer the wrath of Emperor Akbar.

To say that Akbar was an outsider is a notorious statement. Akbar was born in India, lived in India, was the Emperor of India and he died in India. In every respect he was an Indian. It was he who gave us the Ganga-Jamani culture which today is the strongest foundation of our nation. He was responsible for giving the revenue system which even the British could not alter, and it prevails even today with very few changes. He had Ramayan and Mahabharat translated and illustrated with miniature paintings. He respected all religions. Gave audience to the Jain munis and on auspices days of Hindu would fast. He used to apply Tilak on his forehead. He met the leaders of all religions and tried to find a new religion Din-I Ilahi. Among nine gems there were some Hindus. He was a patron of music, and patronized Tansen. Who was responsible for creating several rags, Rag Deepak, Miyan ki Todi, Miyan ki Malhar etc. As a ruler and personally he was a great person, and yet  the present Rajasthan Government has given the orders that from now Akbar should not be taught in the school and instead of him Maharana Pratap should be taught. It does not know that Akbar can be taught by taking his religious policy, his composite culture, and most important his revenue policy, but Maharana Pratap can not be taught without the battle of Haldighati and Akbar. It is indeed very paradoxical that Maharana Pratap and Prithiviraj Chauhan who fled from the battlefield are worshipped as National heroes, but Hammir of Ranthambhor and Achaldas Kheechie of Gagrun  who fought till the last and gave up their lives  defending their forts,  are mere forgotten heroes.

Akbar is hated by some just because he gave India the composite or Ganga-Jamani culture which has over the centuries has become the strong foundation of the Nation, and is most or impossible to break, to their dismay.

Undoubtedly Laxmibai of Jhansi fought against the British in 1857, when she strongly protested that she will not give up her Jhansi. She gave up her life but could not save Jhansi and failed not to declare her son as the Raja of Jhansi. At the same time in 1857,there was yet another person Begum Hazrat Mahal who fought for the Nation, opposed the British government and proclaimed her son Birjis Qadr as the Nawab of Awadh and was the only one out of 530 Indian Princes who issued a Proclamation against the Proclamation of Queen Victoria., dissecting it paragraph by paragraph., and showed that no independence could be placed on any of the promises contained in it. I give the text below.

“In the proclamation it is written that the Christian religion is true, but no other creed will suffer oppression, and that the laws will be observed towards all. What has the administration of justice to do with the truth or falsehood of a religion? That religion true which acknowledges one God and knows no other. Where there are three Gods in a religion, neither Mussalmans or Hindus, nay ,not even Jews, Sun worshippers or fire worshippers, can believe in to be true. To eat pigs and drink wine, to bite greased cartridges, and mix pigs fat with flavor and sweatmeats, to destroy Hindu and Mussalman temples on pretence of making roads to build churches, to send clergymen into the streets and alley to preach the Christian religion to institute English schools, and pay people a monthly stipend for learning the English sciences, while the places of worship of Hindus and Mussalmans are to this day entirely neglected, with all this, how can the people believe that religion will not be interfered with? The rebellion began with religion, and for it millions of men have been killed. Let not our subjects be deceived; thousands were deprived of their religion in the North, West, and thousands were hanged rather than abandon their religion.”May I ask why she is not mentioned as a true nationalist?

There has been a deliberate attempt on the part of RSS and VHP since their inception to rewrite history and show to the World that Indian culture, and mythology is the oldest in the world. This has been the main agenda for all these years  and now they have the opportunity. In order to show they are taking the History way back  and are propagating that Mahabharat took place 6000 years before Christ. In fact Mahabharat was a feudal battle in which beside Kaurav and, Pandav, several other dynasties took part. In Puranas, Natya Shatra, and Ancient History of India the scholars have come to the conclusion that the two Dynasties, Surya and Chandra emerged after the great floods. The date of the great flood has been accepted as that of 3000 B.C. when Manu Vaivastava became the first King at Ayodhya and his nine sons established different dynasties all over India. Almost all the dynasties which are mentioned in Mahabharat belong to either Surya dynasty or Chandra dynasty. Krishna belongs to the Chandra Vansh or dynasty, and he is much below in the line of succession.
B.B.Lal in his book “Historicity of the Mahabharata” considering the dates as given by K. P. Jayaswal  as 1424 B.C., A.S.Altekar as1400 B.C., F. E. Pargiter as 950 B.C., and H.C.Raychaudhury as 90th century, and taking the help of Literature, Art and Archaeology, has placed the date of Mahabharat as 900 B.C.

Some of these hardcore pundits even declare that Alexander, the Greek hero, never came to India, and he has falsely been named as Sikandar. It is a blatantly false statement to confuse the people. Most probably these persons are not aware that many famous Greek historians have written about India of that time. Do they mean that the authentic detailed description of India which historians like Appianus, Strabo, Megasthenes, Arrian, Herodotus have written is all false? How will these people glorify Chandragupt for his victory over Selucus, if Alexander never came to India? What about the famous scene of Alexander meeting Porus. One can not and should not talk about history with the blinkers on. To my mind falsify the recorded history of a nation is anti-national.

Aurangzeb is one who is most vehemently been attacked for his actions against Hindus and destroying the temples. All actions of those who are in power are motivated by politics. For example the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992,the Mazar of the sufi saint in Ahmedabad, in 2002, and several temples in Jaipur in present times. But there is another facet of his character. He donated large sums of money to ancient and important temples in Varanasi, Ujjain, and other places. Farmans are available which supply  very solid evidence. Beside all these one of his act will baffle many of those who paint him as anti-Hindu to suit their narrow thinking.

When Shivaji’s grand-son as a prison was sent to the court of Aurangzeb, he with great respect and love he kept the young boy in his royal apartments. Appointed Jahanara Begum as his tutor, and gave instructions that he should be taught Marathi his mother tongue along with Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit etc. and gave him the name of Sahu. When he became of marriageable age he was married to the daughters of the two most distinguished Maratha Mansabdars, Jadhav of Sindkheir and Sindia of Kunneirheir. He granted the districts Akalkote, Indapur, Sopa and Neywassa in jaghir, presented “Bhawani” the personal sword of Shivaji, applied the tilak by his own hand and declared him the Raja of Satara. Will any one today be kind to the son of his biggest enemy. Should those who abuse Aurangzeb for his anti Hindu stand, not offer gratitude to Aurangzeb for his magnanimous act. {History of The Marattas; James Grant Duff Vol 1, p.298-299}

Writing History is  an on going process. It depends on the source material which becomes available from time to time, which is interpreted by scholars who see them by different visions, with different interpretations. This is one reason why a writing of one historian differs with the other. But it is very wrong to decry any writing and pass a fatwa that history written by certain historians, or the western historians is completely wrong or is coloured. History of India or the history of any part of the World is different because of interpretation and analysis. Differences of opinion between historians has existed over many centuries. They were openly discussed and taken in a sporting spirit. But in the recent times they have emerged with strong conviction, and malicious intention.

Before they set out to make changes they must take other scholars in confidence as to what and how are they going to make changes. We are being ruled under democratically elected government and we must follow the rules and regulations honestly, sincerely, justly. I would very much like to know as to what are the changes are supposed to be made in the writings of James Tod in his work “Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan”, “Rasmala” of A. K .Forbes, ”History of Mahrattas” of James Grant Duff,” History of the Sikhs” of Joseph Davey Cunningham, “History of Kathiawad” of Wilberforce Bell, “History of Sind” of Richard Burton,” The Political History of India” of John Malcolm,” The Comprehensive History of India” Beveridge, “A Collection of Treaties, Engagements and Sunnuds” compiled by C. U. Aitchison, H.A.R.Gibb’s important work “ Ibn Battuta; travels in Asia and Africa” Edward C.Sachau’s Alberuni’s India, The Early History of India by Vincent A Smith. “ The History of Aryan Rule in India”by E.B.Havell. They are just a few names. And of course we can not afford to overlook the work of those historians who have translated several monumental works, just to name a few, John Briggs who translated “History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India” James Bird “Medieval Gujarat” “ The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri” Alexander Rogers & Henry Beveridge, Babur-Nama by Annette Susannah Beveridge. There are hundreds of many who have handsomely contributed to the History and Culture of India.

I wonder what changes would they will like to make in the 50 volumes which were translated under the guidance of Max Muller by very eminent scholars. The series is known as The Sacred Books of the East. Even the eighteen Puranas were translated by several Englishmen, among them F.E.Pargiter has written the brilliant introduction to the Markandya Purana, and it was Pargiter who was one of the first who introduced to the Indian readers about the Dynasties of the ancient rulers of India. The series of eight volumes known by the name as “The History of India As Told By Its Own Historians” is a collection of historical work written by several authors in oriental languages, collected by H. M. Elliot and edited by Prof John Dowson. It is a very important work on the Muhammadan period. Similarly K. M .Munshi the founder of Bhartiya  Vidya Bhawan in 1945  with the help of very eminent historians brought out Ten volumes under the title of “ The History and Culture of the Indian People”. It could be said that it was the first attempt to bring history of the people of India after independence. Later the People’s Publishing House in collaboration with the Indian History Congress published twelve volumes under the title of “A Comprehensive History of India.”The Editorial Board and several contributors consisted of very eminent historians. May I ask a simple question? Has any one of them read any of these books. If so, then please come out boldly where, what and how would you like to make changes. Deceiving the Nation by irresponsible statements is nothing else, but ANTI_NATIONA
24 March 2016.




प्रलेस और इप्टा अशोकनगर का भगत सिंह की स्मृति में आयोजन

प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ और भारतीय जन नाट्य संघ ( इप्टा ) की अशोकनगर इकाई ने अमर शहीद भगतसिंह ,सुखदेव  और राजगुरू के शहादत दिवस २३ मार्च को एक महत्वपूर्ण वैचारिक आयोजन किया  और शहर के लेखक , कलाकार , संस्कृतिकर्मियों और छात्रों ने अमर शहीदों को याद किया और उन्हें अपनी श्रद्धांजलि अर्पित की | 

 कार्यक्रम की शुरूआत क्रांतिकारी गीतों के गायन के साथ इप्टा से जुड़े बच्चों के  द्वारा की गयी | सिद्धार्थ शर्मा , आदित्य रूसिया और कबीर के निर्देशन में फैज़ अहमद फैज़ और साहिर लुधियानवी  के गीतों के गायन के साथ इस वैचारिक आयोजन का आगाज़ हुआ | इसके पश्चात प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ के सचिव संजय माथुर ने भगत सिंह के लेख - " विद्यार्थी और राजनीति " का वाचन किया |

गोष्ठी में बोलते हुए सुरेन्द्र रघुवंशी ने कहा - " आज भगतसिंह को और उनसे जुड़े प्रतीकों से मौजूदा व्यवस्था का परहेज चिंता का विषय है | जिस भगतसिंह ने देश की आज़ादी के लिए अपने प्राणों का  उत्सर्ग किया उन जैसे राष्ट्रनायक के जन्म और शहीद दिवस सरकारों द्वारा क्यों नहीं मनाये जाते ?" इप्टा के प्रांतीय अध्यक्ष और कवि हरिओम राजरिया ने कहा कि - " भगतसिंह ने जाति और धर्म से अलग हटकर वर्गीय आधार राजनैतिक चेतना का प्रसार किया | उन्होंने शोषक और शोषित के बीच चल रहे संघर्ष को रेखांकित किया " | 

गोष्ठी की अध्यक्षता जाने माने चित्रकार पंकज दीक्षित ने की उन्होंने कहा कि - " आज भगत सिंह की छवि  एक वीर बालक की तरह बनाई जा रही है , जबकि वे एक क्रांतिकारी विचारक थे , भारत में युवाओं को हमेशा भगतसिंह के विचारों और साहित्य से दूर रखा गया है " | सत्र का संचालन अभिषेक अंशु ने किया | कार्यकृम के दरम्यान  पंजाबी क्रन्तिकारी कवि अवतार सिंह ' पाश '  को भी याद किया गया | इस सत्र के बाद गौहर रज़ा की फिल्म - " इंक़लाब " का प्रदर्शन किया गया | हिन्दी में यह एकमात्र फिल्म है जो तटस्थ होकर भगतसिंह की सच्ची और विश्वसनीय  छवि की निर्मिती करती है | 

 इस आयोजन में भगतसिंह को समजखने का एक अवसर शहर के कलाकारों , संस्कृतिकर्मियों और छात्रों को उपलब्ध करवाया | प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ के सचिव संजय माथुर ने आमंत्रित जनों का आभार व्यक्त किया |      

  - सीमा राजोरिया , अध्यक्ष , इप्टा ,अशोकनगर 

Tuesday, March 22, 2016

विश्व रंगमंच दिवस सन्देश 2016 : अनातोली वासिलेव

क्या हमें रंगमंच की ज़रुरत है ? 
अनातोली वासिलेव
[विश्व प्रसिद्द रंग निदेशक, रूसी रंगमंच के वरिष्ठ प्रशिक्षक, मास्को थिएटर स्कूल ऑफ़ ड्रामेटिक आर्ट्स के संस्थापक. पिछले 45 वर्षों से लगातार रंगकर्म से सम्बद्ध]

लाखों लोग जो इससे उकता चुके हैं और हजारों-हज़ार वाव्सयिक रंगमंच करने वाले इस सवाल से जूझ रहे हैं.

हमें रंगमंच किसलिए चाहिए ?

वर्तमान समय में जब परिदृश्य शहरी बाज़ारों और इलाकों की तुलना में इतना नगण्य या महत्वहीन हो जहाँ असली जीवन की विश्वसनीय दुखान्त घटनाओं का मंचन हो रहा है.
हमारे लिए इसका क्या औचित्य है ?
प्रेक्षागृह में सुनहली वीथिकाएँ और बालकनियाँ, हत्थेदार मखमली कुर्सियां, मैले विंग, अभिनेताओं की परिष्कृत आवाजें, - या इसके उलट, ऐसा कुछ जो स्पष्ट रूप से अलग दिख सकता हो: कीचड़ और खून से सने    काले बक्से1 जिनके भीतर विक्षिप्त नग्न कायाओं का झुण्ड.
ये क्या अभिव्यक्त करता है ?

सब कुछ !

रंगमंच हमें सब कुछ बता सकता है.

देवता स्वर्ग में कैसे रहते हैं, भुला दी गयीं भूमिगत गुफाओं में क़ैदी किस तरह धीरे-धीरे शिथिल होते हुए दिन काटते हैं, और किस तरह जूनून हमारे इरादों को बुलंद करता है, और प्रेम किस तरह से हमें तोड़ सकता है, कि इस दुनिया में किसी को भी एक अच्छे इंसान की ज़रुरत नहीं है, कपट और धोखे का राज कैसे चलता है, लोग कैसे अट्टालिकाओं में रहते हैं जबकि शरणार्थी कैम्पों में रहने वाले बच्चे वहां की अमानवीय स्थितियों में जीर्ण-शीर्ण  होते जा रहे है, क्यों एक दिन उनके पास  भागने के अलावा कोई विकल्प नहीं रह जाता जो उन्हें मृत्यु के और करीब ले जाता है, और कैसे हम आये दिन अपने प्रिय जनों से अलग होने पर मजबूर होते हैं, - रंगमंच के माध्यम से ये सब बयान किया जा सकता है.

रंगमंच हमेशा रहा है और हमेशा रहेगा.

पिछले 50 से 70 वर्षों के दौरान रंगमंच विशेष तौर पर आवश्यक था और अब भी है. अगर आप जन कलाओं  पर गौर करें तो साफ़ तौर पर ये कहा जा सकता है कि सिर्फ़ रंगमंच ही हमें कुछ दे रहा है – शब्दों, आँखों, हाथों और शरीर के माध्यम से सीधा संवाद करता है रंगमंच. मनुष्यों के बीच कारगर होने के लिए इसे किसी प्रतिनिधि या मध्यस्थता की आवश्यकता नहीं है – यह प्रकाश के सबसे पारदर्शी पक्ष की निर्मिती करता है, इसका सम्बन्ध सभी भौगोलिक दिशाओं से उतना ही ठोस और गहरा है – यह अपने आप में प्रकाश का मूल तत्व है जो दुनिया के चारो कोनों से ऐसी चमक पैदा करती  है जिसे इसके पक्षधर और बिरोधी दोनों ही तुरंत पहचान लेते हैं.

हमें अनेक प्रकार के रंगमंच की ज़रुरत है जो हमेशा परिवर्तनशील रहते हुए अपनी एक अलग पहचान बनाता चले.

फिर भी मेरे विचार से रंगमंच के सभी संभव रूप, प्रकार और प्रतिरूपों में आनुष्ठानिक या पुरातन शैली की अधिक मांग होगी. नुष्ठान के रूप में किये जाने वाले रंगमंच को “सभ्य” देश या सभ्यता के नाम पर नकारा नहीं जाना चाहिए. लौकिक संस्कृति कमज़ोर पड़ती जा  रही है, तथाकथित “सांस्कृतिक सूचना या परिष्कृतीकरण” सहज संस्थाओं, मानवीय संवेदनाओं से भरी अभिव्यक्तियों व जीवन संघर्ष के आख्यानों को बदलकर धीरे-धीरे पीछे धकेल देती है और उन तत्वों से एक दिन रू-ब-रू होने की हमारी उम्मीद भी धुंधला जाती है.

मैं अब साफ़ तौर पर देख रहा हूँ: रंगमंच खुली बाहों से सबका स्वागत कर रहा है.

उपकरणों और कम्प्यूटरों पर खाक़ डालिए – प्रेक्षागृह जाइए, वहां की दर्शक दीर्घाओं को अपनी उपस्थिति से भर दीजिये, जीती-जागते सजीव चरित्रों को देखिये और सुनिए – आपके समक्ष रंगमंच है, इसकी अनदेखी मत कीजिए और न ही इसमें भागीदारी करने का कोई मौक़ा जाने दीजिये – अपने अन्यथा व्यर्थ और आपाधापी भरे जीवन में शायद ये सबसे बहुमूल्य अवसर सिद्ध हो.

हमें हर तरह का रंगमंच चाहिए.

अगर नहीं चाहिए तो राजनैतिक षडयंत्रों, राजनीतिज्ञों की धोखाधड़ी और राजनीति का तुच्छ रंगमंच. आये दिन होने वाले व्यक्तिगत या सामूहिक आतंक का, राज्यों या राजधानियों में सड़कों और चौराहों पर सड़ती हुई लाशों और बिखरे रक्त या धार्मिक और नस्ली समूहों के बीच ख़ूनी संघर्षों का पाखंड से भरा रंगमंच.  

( 1. काले बक्से - अंग्रेज़ी अनुवाद जो कि रूसी भाषा  से  किया  गया है उसमें अनुवादक ने black boxes लिखा है. इससे उनका  या  मूल लेखक  का  आशय उन ब्लाक्स से भी हो सकता है जो रंगमंच पर प्रयोग होते हैं जिहें अधिकतर काले रंग में रँग दिया जाता है – या यह भी कि अधिकतर रंगमंच में तीन तरफ़ काले पर्दों और विंगों का प्रयोग होता है जो देखने में काले बक्से जैसे दीखते हैं - अन्यथा हम सब black boxes को हवाई जहाजों के ज़रिये ही जानते हैं वो भी तब जब कोई हवाई जहाज़ दुर्घटना ग्रस्त हो जाता है और उस स्थल पर black boxes की तलाश की जाती है जिससे ये जानकारी मिले कि दुर्घटना के ऐन पहले क्या हुआ था – वैसे ये black boxes गाढ़े नारगी रंग के होते हैं जो घने जंगल, कीचड़ या गहरे समुद्र में भी दूर से ही देखे जा सकते हैं )

हिंदी अनुवाद – अखिलेश दीक्षित – इप्टा लखनऊ - सदस्य राष्ट्रीय समिति इप्टा

भारत में इंडियन पीपुल्स थिएटर एसोसिएशन (इप्टा) द्वारा प्रसारित

World Theater Day Message 2016 by Anatoly Vassiliev

Do we need theatre?

-Anatoly Vassiliev

That is the question thousands of professionals disappointed in theatre and millions of people who are tired of it are asking themselves.

What do we need it for?

In those years when the scene is so insignificant in comparison with the city squares and state lands, where the authentic tragedies of real life are being played.
What is it to us?

Gold-plated galleries and balconies in the theatre halls, velvet armchairs, dirty stage wings, well-polished actors' voices, - or vice versa, something that might look apparently different: black boxes, stained with mud and blood, with a bunch of rabid naked bodies inside.
What is it able to tell us?


Theatre can tell us everything.

How the gods dwell in heaven, and how prisoners languish in forgotten caves underground, and how passion can elevate us, and how love can ruin, and how no-one needs a good person in this world, and how deception reigns, and how people live in apartments, while children wither in refugee camps, and how they all have to return back to the desert, and how day after day we are forced to part with our beloveds, - theatre can tell everything.
The theatre has always been and it will remain forever.

And now, in those last fifty or seventy years, it is particularly necessary. Because if you take a look at all the public arts, you can immediately see that only theatre is giving us - a word from mouth to mouth, a glance from eye to eye, a gesture from hand to hand, and from body to body. It does not need any intermediary to work among human beings - it constitutes the most transparent side of light, it does not belong to either south, or north, or east, or west - oh no, it is the essence of light itself, shining from all four corners of the world, immediately recognizable by any person, whether hostile or friendly towards it.

And we need theatre that always remains different, we need theatre of many different kinds.
Still, I think that among all possible forms and shapes of theatre its archaic forms will now prove to be mostly in demand. Theatre of ritual forms should not be artificially opposed to that of “civilized” nations. Secular culture is now being more and more emasculated, so-called "cultural information" gradually replaces and pushes out simple entities, as well as our hope of eventually meeting them one day.

But I can see it clearly now: theatre is opening its doors widely. Free admission for all and everybody.

To hell with gadgets and computers - just go to the theatre, occupy whole rows in the stalls and in the galleries, listen to the word and look at living images! - it is theatre in front of you, do not neglect it and do not miss a chance to participate in it - perhaps the most precious chance we share in our vain and hurried lives.

We need every kind of theatre.

There is only one theatre which is surely not needed by anyone - I mean a theatre of political games, a theatre of a political "mousetraps", a theatre of politicians, a futile theatre of politics. What we certainly do not need is a theatre of daily terror - whether individual or collective, what we do not need is the theatre of corpses and blood on the streets and squares, in the capitals or in the provinces, a phony theatre of clashes between religions or ethnic groups...

[Anatoli Vassiliev is an internationally acclaimed theatre director and professor of Russian Theatre. He is the founder of the Moscow Theatre School of Dramatic Arts initially located on Povarskaia road, then relocated in a new building on Sretenka road. It is an architecturally original space, conceived according to Vassiliev's plans for the purposes of theatrical research to which it is dedicated].

Circulated in India by IPTA 

इप्टा उत्तर प्रदेश का सत्रहवां प्रादेशिक सम्मेलन जोकहरा में

खनऊ। भारतीय जन नाट्य संघ (इप्टा) उत्तर प्रदेश की कार्यकारिणी व पदाधिकारियों की बैठक 22 कैसरबाग लखनऊ में आज दोपहर में संपन्न हुई जिसमें सर्व सम्मति से निर्णय लिया गया कि इप्टा उत्तर प्रदेश का सत्रहवां प्रादेशिक सम्मेलन आजमगढ के जोकहरा में दिनांक 16 17 अप्रैल 2016 को होगा जिसमें प्रदेश भर से सैकडों कलाकार व प्रतिनिधि शामिल होंगे।जनपद आजमगढ के विभिन्न गांवों में किसानों मजदूरो के बीच नुक्कड प्रस्तुतियाॅ होंगी।इप्टा किसानों मजदूरों से सीधे संवाद करेगी।

आजमगढ़ में प्रदेश भर के इप्टा रंग कर्मियों का होगा जमावड़ा और जिले की जनता के बीच विविध सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रमों का होगा आयोजन।